Thailand is located in Southeast Asia. The country is composed of a large area in the north and a peninsula in the south (Encyclopædia Britannica). The north of the country is mountainous. The disaster type with the highest occurrence is flooding, with 50 occurrences (61% of disasters recorded), followed by storm (16 occurrences, 19%). The deadliest disaster type between 2000 and 2018 is earthquake, with 8 347 fatalities (77% of fatalities recorded). This is related mostly to the 2004 earthquake, resulting in a major tsunami, that killed 8 345 people in Thailand. It is also the deadliest disaster event between 2000 and 2018 in Thailand. Floods are the main cause of people affected by disaster, namely 40 699 766 (53% of people affected). However, the disaster event that affected the most people was a drought that started in April 2012 and affected 12 000 000.