Mozambique

Mozambique is located in south-eastern part of the African continent, separated from Madagascar by the Mozambique Channel. The Zambezi valley is one of the most important geological elements of Mozambique, which divides the country in two different topographical regions (Encyclopædia Britannica). This valley is part of the Eastern Great Rift Valley. The disaster type with the highest occurrence is flooding, with 25 occurrences (49% of disaster recorded), followed by storm (15 occurrences, 29%). Flooding is by far the deadliest disaster type between 2000 and 2018, with 1 403 fatalities (87% of fatalities recorded). The deadliest disaster event between 2000 and 2018 was a flood between January and March 2000, which resulted in 800 fatalities. This flood is also the disaster event that affected the most people in Mozambique during this period, namely 4 500 000. The disaster type affecting the most people in Mozambique overall is also flooding, with 7 048 753 affected people, followed by drought with 5 999 500 affected people. Combined, they account for 91% of people affected in Mozambique.

Mapping natural disasters from 2000 until 2018

Proportional Symbol Map

Number of times a region has been affected by disasters.

A proportional symbol map uses simple map symbols (usually a circle or square) that vary in size to represent a quantitative value found at that location.

Choropleth Map

Number of disasters per 1 000 km².

In a choropleth map, divided geographical areas or regions are coloured, shaded or patterned in relation to a statistical variable that represents an aggregate summary of a geographic characteristic within each area.

Kernel Density Map

Kernel density estimation (quadratic kernel).

The kernel density map produces a processed, smoothed visualization of the density of occurrences in the neighbourhood of each resulting map cell. The kernel density map makes it possible to see a concentration of event occurrences. A qualitative scale is used here to ease interpretation.

How to access the EM-DAT database

Go to public.emdat.be

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