Mexico

Mexico is located in the southern part of the North American. The majority of the Mexican population lives in the centre of the country. Mexico is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and thus has active volcanoesism and frequent seismic activitiesactivity (Encyclopædia Britannica). The disaster type with the highest occurrence is storms, with 57 occurrences (46% of disaster recorded), followed by floodings (37 occurrence, 30%). Storms areis also the deadliest disaster type between 2000 and 2018, with 628 fatalities (32% of fatalities recorded). It is closely followed by flooding (547 fatalities, 28%) and earthquake (505 fatalities, 25%). The deadliest disaster event between 2000 and 2018 was an earthquake in 2017 (7.1 on the Richter’s scale) in 2017, which resulted in 369 fatalities. The disaster type affecting the most people in Mexico is storm, with 6 162 462 affected people (44% of people affected). The disaster event that affected the most people was a drought that started in September 2011 and that affected over 2 500 000 people.

Mapping natural disasters from 2000 until 2018

Proportional Symbol Map

Number of times a region has been affected by disasters.

A proportional symbol map uses simple map symbols (usually a circle or square) that vary in size to represent a quantitative value found at that location.

Choropleth Map

Number of disasters per 1 000 km².

In a choropleth map, divided geographical areas or regions are coloured, shaded or patterned in relation to a statistical variable that represents an aggregate summary of a geographic characteristic within each area.

Kernel Density Map

Kernel density estimation (quadratic kernel).

The kernel density map produces a processed, smoothed visualization of the density of occurrences in the neighbourhood of each resulting map cell. The kernel density map makes it possible to see a concentration of event occurrences. A qualitative scale is used here to ease interpretation.

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