Japan is located in the north-western part of the Pacific Ocean. The topography of Japan is marked by mountains and volcanoes (active and dormant), including Mount Fuji. The country is part of the Pacific Ring of Fire and is one of the most geologically active, resulting in a high number of earthquakes and volcanic eruptions (Encyclopædia Britannica). The disaster type with the highest occurrence between 2000 and 2018 is storm, with 73 occurrences (54% of disasters recorded), followed by earthquake (24 occurrence, 18%). Even if earthquakes are the second type of disasters per occurrence, it is the deadliest disaster type in Japan, with 20 033 fatalities (89%). Most of the fatalities are the result of the 2011 earthquake (9 on the Richter scale), resulting in a tsunami. Flooding is the disaster type that affected the most people over the same period, with 2 068 352 affected people (45 % of people affected), followed by storm (28%) and earthquake (22%). The floods resulting from the tropical storm Praipiroon affected the most people over this period, with an estimated 1 500 000.