Haiti

Haiti is a country located in the Caribbean Sea, sharing its eastern border at the with the Dominican Republic. A fault line crosses the country, making it susceptible to seismic activities (Encyclopædia Britannica). The disaster type with the highest occurrence is flooding, with 39 occurrences (53% of disasters recorded), followed by storm (29 occurrence, 40%). Earthquake is the deadliest disaster type between 2000 and 2018, with 222 587 fatalities. the The earthquake that occurred in 2010 resulted in almost all of these fatalities, making it by far the deadliest disaster over this period. This event is also the one that affected the most people, with an estimated 3 700 000. The country was also severely affected by several storms between 2000 and 2018, the major ones in terms of deaths being Jeanne (2004), Matthew (2016) and Hanna (2018).

Mapping natural disasters from 2000 until 2018

Proportional Symbol Map

Number of times a region has been affected by disasters.

A proportional symbol map uses simple map symbols (usually a circle or square) that vary in size to represent a quantitative value found at that location.

Choropleth Map

Number of disasters per 1 000 km².

In a choropleth map, divided geographical areas or regions are coloured, shaded or patterned in relation to a statistical variable that represents an aggregate summary of a geographic characteristic within each area.

Kernel Density Map

Kernel density estimation (quadratic kernel).

The kernel density map produces a processed, smoothed visualization of the density of occurrences in the neighbourhood of each resulting map cell. The kernel density map makes it possible to see a concentration of event occurrences. A qualitative scale is used here to ease interpretation.

How to access the EM-DAT database

Go to public.emdat.be

GENERAL TERMS AND CONDITIONS (UCLouvain, 2020)
The EM-DAT website and the EM-DAT database including all its parts (text, photos, illustrations, graphics or infographics, logos, ...) are protected by copyright laws and treaties around the world and especially the Belgian law of 30 June 1994 on copyright and the Belgian law of 31 August 1998 on the legal protection of databases. All such rights are reserved.
UCLouvain is the owner or the licensee of all intellectual property rights related to the EM-DAT website and EM-DAT database and the material published on it, including but not limited to the copyright.
All published papers and technical reports from the EM-DAT Database owner related to EM-DAT may be used free of charge by the user, provided the user uses Proper Citation. Proper Citation of both EM-DAT and data obtained through EM-DAT is the responsibility of the user alone. “Proper Citation” of EM-DAT means: “EM-DAT, CRED / UCLouvain, Brussels, Belgium – www.emdat.be (D. Guha-Sapir)”
Any use that causes unjustified damage to the legitimate interests of CRED – UCLouvain is strictly forbidden. The same applies to the use with the aim of creating a tool in competition with EM-DAT.
DISCLAIMER
The designations employed and the presentation of the material on these maps do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of EM-DAT concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries. The maps only represents data on countries that are currently existing. Every effort is made to ensure these maps are free of errors but there is no warrant the maps or their features are either spatially or temporally accurate or fit for a particular use. These maps are provided without any warranty of any kind whatsoever, either expressed or implied.