Brazil is the largest country of the South American continent and occupies half the continent’s landmass (Encyclopædia Britannica). The country is composed of a wide variety of landscapes (mountains, plains, highlands, and scrublands) and has 7 400 km of coast along the Atlantic Ocean. South-eastern Brazil has more pronounced relief, with mountain ranges, while the north is composed of a complex river system. The main disaster type affecting the country is flooding. Between 2000 and 2018, Brazil was hit by 65 floods, representing close to 71% of disasters recorded. Floods are the deadliest disaster type in Brazil by far with a total of 2 435 fatalities, representing 88% of fatalities due to disasters in Brazil. However, the disaster type affecting the most people over the same period is drought, with 33 062 000 (81.1 % of people affected by disasters) in total. The deadliest disaster event between 2000 and 2018 was a flood in 2011, which resulted in 900 fatalities. The disaster event that affected the most people in Brazil was a drought that started in 2014 and affected 27 000 000 people due to rain deficits in 2012 and 2013, combined with high temperatures in 2014.