Afghanistan is located in south-central Asia. It is a mountainous, landlocked country, with highlands in its centre, including the main Hindu Kush range (Encyclopædia Britannica). The main disaster type affecting the country is flooding. Between 2000 and 2018, Afghanistan was hit by 66 floods, representing close to 56% of recorded disasters. Floods are also the deadliest disaster type with a total of 2 374 fatalities (34.4 % of total fatalities). However, the disaster type affecting the most people over the same period is drought, with 8 710 000 people affected (86.2 % of people affected). The deadliest disasters event between 2000 and 2018 was an extreme temperature event (a cold wave) between January and February 2008, resulting in 1 317 fatalities. The disaster event that affected the most people in Afghanistan was a drought in 2000, associated with a water shortage and famine, that affected 2 580 000 people.